Dr. Pillai's LIVEWELL Diabetes & Heart Center

Blood Pressure Management

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure caused by a disease or another known medical problem is called secondary hypertension. Most cases of secondary hypertension are caused by kidney or hormonal problems.
Normal blood pressures average 120/80 (“120 over 80”) but can rise and fall with exercise or rest. The pressures are measured in millimeters of mercury, with the upper number (120) being the pressure at the end of the heartbeat (systolic pressure). The lower number (80) is the pressure at the beginning of the heartbeat (diastolic pressure). If repeated checks of your blood pressure show that it is higher than 140/90, you have hypertension. If your blood pressure is between 120/80 and 140/90, you may need treatment for high blood pressure if you have other health problems, such as diabetes. Blood pressure management clinic in faridabad

How does it occur?

Many medical conditions, diseases, and medicines can cause secondary hypertension, including:
• narrowing of the arteries in the kidneys
• narrowing of the aorta, a large blood vessel that supplies blood to the lower body
• several types of kidney disease
• excess secretion of a hormone called aldosterone from the adrenal gland
• tumor of the adrenal gland
• Cushing’s syndrome, a disorder in which there is too much corticosteroid hormone in the blood
• medicines such as estrogen and oral contraceptives
• abuse of drugs such as amphetamines, alcohol, or diet pills
• pregnancy.

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